Moses bids the Israelites farewell before dying. He blesses every tribe individually. For example, of Judah, he says “Hear, O LORD the voice of Judah / And restore him to his people. / Though his own hands strive for him, / Help him against his foes.” Moses goes up to Mount Nebo, to the summit of Pisgah, and the LORD shows him the whole promised land. Moses dies and is personally buried by the LORD. Joshua is filled with the spirit of wisdom, and the Israelites start heeding him.
- Moses’ farewell poem is based upon the literary genre of a father’s blessing of his progeny before death (i.e. Gen. 48:15-16). He blesses the entirety of Israel here, not just his own sons.